Gandhi seems almost alone among social and political thinkers when he strongly opposes the rigid dichotomy between goals and means and takes care of the means in his extreme moral work insofar as they offer the scale of reference and not the objectives. He was led to this position by accepting satya and ahimsa, truth and non-violence, as a double absolute moral and his coherent vision of their relationship. In Hind Swaraj, he wrote that even the great men considered religious committed serious crimes because they mistakenly believed that there was no moral connection or interdependence between means and end. You can`t have a rose when you plant a weed. “Drugs can be compared to a seed, the end with a tree; and there is exactly the same intangible link between means and the end as between the seed and the tree. It is not as if violence and non-violence are just other ways to achieve the same goal. Since they differ morally in quality and essence, they must necessarily achieve different results. Marx spoke of two levels of communist society. In the first phase, communism will provoke the socialization of the means of production. This means that the means of production will not be in the hands of a class, but in the hands of society as a whole. In the second and final stage, communist society will guarantee the end of human power by objective forces. According to Marx, communism is not only the abolition of private property, but also the elimination of the state and the abolition of classes. It will be a classless, stateless society, where people`s government will be replaced by managing things.
Marx visualized communism as the definitive solution to the conflict between existence and essence, freedom and necessity. After many uncertainties and debates, the UPSC IAS Prelims were finally implemented on 4 October 2020. This time, the gap between the preliminary and the main examination is very small and the performance and preparation for the steps of the procedure will therefore play a decisive role in determining your outcome for the network. So if you find out how many people responded correctly yesterday and you understand the concept behind the answers, you can learn about the different topics. Here we shared all the questions, their solutions and an explanation of what makes these options appropriate, in this article. A common agreement between Gandhism and Marxism is (a) the ultimate goal of a stateless society (b) class struggle (c) the abolition of private property (d) economic determinism Response: a) The similarity and resemblance between Gandhism and Marxism are as well: in general, Gandhi and Marx are considered as two great figures who are at two poles.