This treaty on the treatment of diplomats is the result of a draft of the Commission on International Law. The treaty was adopted on 18 April 1961 by the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Transport and Immunities in Vienna (3) and implemented for the first time on 24 April 1964. The same Conference adopted the Optional Protocol on the Acquisition of Nationality, the Optional Protocol relating to the forced settlement of disputes, the final act and four resolutions attached to the law. A remarkable aspect of the 1961 treaty was the creation of the Holy See`s diplomatic immunity to other nations.  The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961) limited the privileges afforded to diplomats, their families and collaborators. The convention, which avoids controversial topics such as diplomatic asylum and focuses on permanent envoys instead of focusing on ad hoc representatives or others receiving international protection, has granted immunity from… The first attempt to codify diplomatic immunity in diplomatic law took place in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna. It was followed much later by the Convention on Diplomatic Officers (Havana, 1928). The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961) reduced the categories of diplomatic representatives to three categories: (1) ambassadors and other equivalent rank-of-mission heads of mission accredited to host states; (2) Special Envoys, Plenipotentiary Ministers and others… The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (VCDR) of 1961 and the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1963 are at the heart of international diplomatic and consular law. The VCDR largely codified the usual rules governing bilateral diplomatic relations between states.
In the meantime, its provisions have largely become a part of general international law. This article examines the establishment of diplomatic and consular relations; diplomatic and consular functions; and the application of privileges, immunities and inviolability in the most recent case law. In the year the treaty was adopted, two amending protocols were added. Countries can ratify the main treaty without necessarily ratifying these optional agreements. However, in the 1960s, the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations established that the amount of immunity varied according to the rank of the official. Immunity is generally more extensive in criminal cases than in civil cases. A country`s diplomatic representation and archives are also protected. The international… Throughout the history of sovereign states, diplomats have enjoyed special status.
Their function of negotiating agreements between states requires certain special privileges. An emissary from another nation is traditionally treated as a guest, his communication with his homeland is considered confidential and his freedom of coercion and submission by the host country is considered essential.