The compromise of 1876 put an end to the era of reconstruction. Southern Democrats` promises to protect the civil and political rights of blacks were not kept, and an end to the Confederation`s interference in southern affairs led to widespread deprivation of the rights of black voters. Beginning in the late 1870s, southern parliaments passed a series of laws that required the separation of whites from “colored persons” on public transport, schools, parks, restaurants, theatres and other places. Known as the “Jim Crow Lois” (developed after a popular act of Minnes-nger in the antebelles), these segregationist statutes governed life in the South until the middle of the next century, ended only after the hard-won successes of the civil rights movement in the 1960s. The following testimony is taken from the testimony of 27 October 1871 of Abram Colby, a 52-year-old former slave, made by the Klan selection committee in Atlanta, Georgia. Colby had been elected in 1868 to the lower house of Georgian legislative power. Whatever took place on the site, formally, the election of 1876 was not decided by such laws, but by the official vote of Congress to accept the recommendations of the electoral commission that they themselves had put in place to get out of the outcome of the elections. When the commission was created, it was expected that its decisions would be accepted by Congress. It was only when some Democrats disagreed with the Commission`s decisions in favour of Hayes that these regulations were compromised. This Democratic group has threatened a filibuster (including Republicans and the Democratic leadership of Congress) that would prevent the agreed vote. Discussions on the points of the so-called compromise were aimed at persuading the main Democrats to accept a filibuster. The threat of a filibuster – a measure used by a minority to prevent a vote – already indicates that there have already been enough votes in favour of adopting the Commission`s recommendations.

[11] The demoted status of black men and women had taken them outside the boundaries of what southern whites considered appropriate gender roles and family hierarchies. Slave marriages were not legally recognized. Male slaves were humiliated and deprived of their authority and deprived of the ability to protect female slaves, often exposed to the brutality and sexual domination of white masters and guardians. Slave parents could not protect their children, who could be bought, sold, used, brutally disciplined and abused without their consent; Parents could also be sold by their children.

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